Earth Endowment Micro-Grants 1985 – 1994
Sand Canyon Pueblo 1985 -1993
Sand Canyon Pueblo (A.D. 1250) is one of an unknown number of settlements developed in the thirteenth century by the ancient pueblo people in Southwest Colorado. The Pueblo is located at the head of Sand Canyon, a tributary to the McElmo Creek, a few miles west of Cortez, Colorado and Mesa Verde National Park. The Pueblo consists of 400+ rooms, 89+ kivas (underground ceremonial structures), 15+ towers, at least one water reservoir, a cliff dwelling, and a D-shaped bi-wall structure and a Great Kiva.
Our desire to support the research program of Crow Canyon Archaeological Center in Cortez, Colorado led Amaterra to begin work in 1985. We believed that this work of studying, nurturing, and honoring the past, and the lives of the ancient ones who built Sand Canyon Pueblo, enabled them to have a voice to speak to us about today’s human interface with the environment.
Many of our members feel that Sand Canyon Pueblo is a sacred site of great importance to those who built it. Our concern for the Earth and its special places requires no less of us than to treat them with appropriate care, to nurture them, and to touch them in ways of active respect. This was the heart of Amaterra’s presence at the Pueblo.
Direct Support- Care of the Pueblo and assistance to the CCAC staff included site security to prevent unauthorized intrusion during the most intense periods of excavation, and the building of on-site kitchen, dining, laboratory, meeting, storage, and housing facilities. Later, by assisting in final landscaping of the backfilled areas of the Pueblo, members helped to hasten the time when the site returned to the state it was in before excavation began.
Trail Building- Many trails were built to assist with public interpretation and the prevention of damage to the site. Through numerous such activities members sought to create a harmonious and caring atmosphere associated the the human involvement at the Pueblo. This was perhaps the most important direct contribution of Amaterra to the Pueblo.
Plant Studies- Members collected and identified plants in the immediate area of the Pueblo. At one time our on site herbarium consisted of more than fifty species of plants. To assist Crow Canyon Center’s phenology project we made regular observations of the seasonality of a number of plant population in the area. The archaeologists have determined that the particular plants were of interest to the builders of the pueblo.
Meteorology- Members built and maintained three weather stations in the area. The main station was located at the Pueblo, the second, in the canyon below, and the third two miles to the west near one of the Center’s experimental gardens.
Animal Studies- Members identified forty-nine species of birds and seventeen species of mammals and reptiles at the Pueblo. We published pamphlets describing these animals for visitors to the site.
Evening Programs- Through the years, members provided many evening programs for the Center. These often included preparing and serving meals for as many as sixty people. Numerous campfire talks provided programs of interest both to the Center’s staff and to the public.
Student Internships- During each of the years of Amaterra’s work at Sand Canyon Pueblo from five to ten student internships were made available to students who were at least eighteen years old. These two week long internships provided full room and board.
“On behalf of the Board, the staff, and the participants of Crow Canyon, please accept our sincere thanks for Amaterra’s years of service and support at the Sand Canyon Pueblo excavations. Scientifically, these excavations have been enormously important. As a theater for popular education, they have been enormously successful. That success was made possible in no small part by the remarkable efforts of you and your organization. Again, thank you for your years of volunteer support. I very much hope that Crow Canyon and Amaterra can work together again on future projects.”
-C. Paul Johnson, Chairman of the Board, CCAC August 27, 1993
“…They (Amaterra) provide us with environmental monitoring, interpretive, caretaking and logistical support at a remote 13th Century archaeological site that is the focus of our long-term research program. The result has been a tangible increase in the aesthetic, natural and cultural quality of the site and an increase in appreciation of those qualities by visitors who come in contact with Amaterra volunteers…”
-Ian Thompson, Executive Director, CCAC December 29, 1987
For more information about the current programs and activities of Crow Canyon Archaeological Center.
Tumamoc Hill Desert Laboratory 1992 – 1994
The Desert Laboratory was founded in 1903 by the Carnegie Institution to further arid lands research. Scientists early on established permanent vegetation research plots on Tumamoc Hill, an 869-acre preserve now surrounded by Tucson city development. Some of these same plots continue to be studied making the Desert Laboratory one of the longest environmental reasearch projects in history. Today the photographs and collections of the laboratory form the basis of understanding of how our present environment is part of a long continuum of desert change.
Amaterra provided mailing list soft-ware, helped create a newsletter, and participated in fund raisers to raise public awareness and support for the Desert Laboratory.
OUR THANKS TO AMATERRA
“This newsletter would not be possible without the enthusiastic support, energy and skills of Amaterra, a non-profit organization in service to the Earth.
Amaterra sponsors caretaking projects throughout the Southwest: at Sand Canyon Pueblo in Colorado for over a period of eight years, they cataloged plants and animals, collected meteorological data, and built a field research support facility for Crow Canyon Archaeological Center. At the Nature Conservancy’s Canelo Hills Preserve near Sonoita, Arizona, they restored some of the preserve’s nineteenth century buildings and provided round the clock caretaking for two and a half years.
Amaterra has now chosen Tumamoc Hill and the Desert Lab as a place worthy of protection, preservation and sponsorship. Our deep thanks especially go to Roger Irwin, president, board member Otis Bronson and Advisory Committee Member Nancy Wall. Otis Bronson, in particular, is contributing his skills as layout editor for Tumamoc. Amaterra donated the Filemaker Program which has facilitated our communication and record keeping beyond measure! Finally, Amaterra contributes significant financial support for the publication of our newsletter. Muchas gracias,” Martha Ames Burgess, Editor (October, 1993)
During the spring and summer of 1987 Amaterra began caretaking and restoration of Canelo Hills Sanctuary as a service project for the owner -the Arizona Nature Conservancy. Amaterra’s overall goals were to provide site security, restoration and repair of the historically important buildings, greet and assist visitors, assist in research, and protect the valuable ecosystem. Karen Seger served as project director and liaison between Amaterra and the Nature Conservancy. Under Karen’s leadership Amaterra members were able to provide year round seven day per week caretaking of the property and the maintenance of a an interpretive visitor center for the public. All Amaterra members directly involved with the work of Canelo became members of the Nature Conservancy. Members kept detailed weather records and regularly assisted the Preserve Manager in stream flow measurements.
Amaterra completed all of its major goals during the twenty-eight months ending September 1989. In order to continue the work, after this date, several members organized a group named, “Friends of Canelo.” Although, at that time, Amaterra officially ceased its work at Canelo, “Friends of Canelo” continues the work to this day.
“On behalf of the Nature Conservancy, I would like to extend a thank you to Amaterra for the many contributions to the Conservancy’s Canelo Hills Cienega Preserve between 1987 and 1989… Much very important work occurred during Amaterra’s service time at Canelo including the stabilization and restoration of the historically significant buildings on the preserve. Much of the work, if not performed when it was, would have allowed conditions to deteriorate to such an extent that we might not have been able to continue with them…Thank you for your dedication to Canelo and I look forward to working with you in the future.”
Patagonia-Sonoita Creek Preserve Manager, August 2, 1994